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Kubernetes The Hard Way

You might've solved this challenge way sooner than I attempted it. Still, I always wanted to go through the process as it has many angles and learning the details intrigues me.

This version, however, does not use any cloud provider. Specifically, the things I am using differently from the original challenge are:

  • Vagrant & VirtualBox: For the nodes of the cluster
  • Ansible: For configuring everything until the cluster is ready
  • Cilium: For the network CNI and as a replacement for the kube-proxy

So, here is my story and how I solved the famous "Kubernetes The Hard Way" by the great Kelsey Hightower. Stay tuned if you're interested in the details.

External Secrets and Immutable Target

If you have worked with External Secrets Operator before, then you know how it eases the operation of managing the secrets in the Kubernetes cluster. It supports many backends and is very powerful.

However, there is a nuance. The External Secrets Operator allows you to define an immutable target secret, sealing the secret shut from future changes unless explicitly deleted and recreated, which is perfect if you never want to modify the secret. But, change is the only constant in the world of IT, and you might want to change the secret in the future. This is where immutable can catch you off guard, as it did mine. This is my story and how I solved it.

In recent years, Azure Cloud has provided the capability to share the VM images between regions, allowing you to create a Golden Image once and share it, whether publicly for the community, or privately within your organization.

Though, not the AzureRM OpenTofu provider, nor the Azure documentation, has a clear working example you can refer to. This is why I am sharing my struggle, so that you don't have to go through the same.